Anatomical Variation



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What is Anatomical variation?

An anatomical variation, anatomical variant, or anatomical variability is a difference between the anatomical structures of animals from the same species. The variations are seen as normal in the sense that they are found consistently among different individuals, are mostly without symptoms, and are termed anatomical variations rather than abnormalities. Some variations are found in different species such as polydactyly, having more than the usual number of digits. Anatomical variations are mainly caused by genetics and may vary considerably between different populations. The rate of variation considerably differs between single organs, particularly in muscles. Knowledge of anatomical variations is important in order to distinguish them from pathological conditions. A very early paper published in 1898, presented anatomic variations to have a wide range and significance, and before the use of X-ray technology, anatomic variations were mostly only found on cadaver studies. The use of imaging techniques have defined many such variations.

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Anatomic variationAnatomical variabilityAnatomical variantAnatomical variation


Anatomická variabilita (cs)Anatomisk variation (sv)Normvariante (de)Variação anatômica (pt)Вариантная анатомия (ru)تنوع تشريحي (ar)

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