Ecological Fallacy

(Logical Fallacy)

Tech

sciences
Logical Fallacy
Link to Dbpedia

What is Ecological fallacy?

An ecological fallacy (also ecological inference fallacy or population fallacy) is a formal fallacy in the interpretation of statistical data that occurs when inferences about the nature of individuals are deduced from inferences about the group to which those individuals belong. 'Ecological fallacy' is a term that is sometimes used to describe the fallacy of division, which is not a statistical fallacy. The four common statistical ecological fallacies are: confusion between ecological correlations and individual correlations, confusion between group average and total average, Simpson's paradox, and confusion between higher average and higher likelihood.

Technology Types

fallacyinformal fallacylogical fallacymisconceptionmisuse of statistic

Synonyms

Ecological inference fallacyPopulation fallacySpecification bias

Translations

Błąd ekologiczny (pl)Ecologische fout (nl)Ekologická chyba (cs)Erreur écologique (fr)Falacia ecológica (es)Ökologischer Fehlschluss (de)مغالطة بيئية (ar)생태오류 (ko)區群謬誤 (zh)

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