False Consciousness

(Marxist Theory)


Marxist Theory
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What is False consciousness?

False consciousness is a term used—primarily by Marxist sociologists—to describe ways in which material, ideological, and institutional processes are said to mislead members of the proletariat and other class actors within capitalist societies, concealing the exploitation intrinsic to the social relations between classes. Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) used the term "false consciousness" in an 1893 letter to Franz Mehring to address the scenario where a subordinate class willfully embodies the ideology of the ruling class.Engels dubs this consciousness "false" because the class is asserting itself towards goals that do not benefit it. "Consciousness", in this context, reflects a class's ability to politically identify and assert its will. The subordinate class is conscious: it plays a major role in society and can assert its will due to being sufficiently unified in ideas and action.

Technology Types

errormarxist theory


False class consciousnessFalse needs


Falsa conciencia (es)Falsa consciència (ca)Falskt medvetande (sv)Ложное сознание (ru)وعي زائف (ar)허위의식 (ko)虚偽意識 (ja)虛假意識 (zh)

Tech Info

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