The First International Topological Conference was held in Moscow, 4–10 September, 1935. With presentations by topologists from 10 different countries it constituted the first genuinely international meeting devoted to topology in the world history of the mathematical community. Although a previous mathematical conference had been held in Kharkiv, and attended by Jacques Hadamard, this turned out to be the only truly international conference organised under the Stalin regime. Pavel Aleksandrov played a key role in organising the conference. The foreign delegates were accommodated in major hotels across Moscow, although according to Andre Weil, the principal form of sustenance was Caviar Canapes served in the conference hall, as no food was available in the hotel restaurants.