Nominalism

(Metaphysical Theory)

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Metaphysical Theory
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What is Nominalism?

In metaphysics, nominalism is a philosophical view which denies the existence of universals and abstract objects, but affirms the existence of general or abstract terms and predicates. There are at least two main versions of nominalism. One version denies the existence of universals – things that can be instantiated or exemplified by many particular things (e.g., strength, humanity). The other version specifically denies the existence of abstract objects – objects that do not exist in space and time. Most nominalists have held that only physical particulars in space and time are real, and that universals exist only post res, that is, subsequent to particular things. However, some versions of nominalism hold that some particulars are abstract entities (e.g., numbers), while others are concrete entities – entities that do exist in space and time (e.g., pillars, snakes, bananas). Nominalism is primarily a position on the problem of universals, which dates back at least to Plato, and is opposed to realist philosophies, such as Platonic realism, which assert that universals do exist over and above particulars. However, the name "nominalism" emerged from debates in medieval philosophy with Roscellinus. The term 'nominalism' stems from the Latin nomen, "name". John Stuart Mill summarised nominalism in the apothegm "there is nothing general except names". In philosophy of law, nominalism finds its application in what is called constitutional nominalism.

Technology Types

metaphysical theorynaturalism (philosophyoccamismontologytheories of language

Synonyms

Class nominalismConstitutional nominalismLogical nominalismMathematical nominalismMedieval nominalismMetaphysical nominalismNominaliIsmNominalistNominalisticNominalistsPhilosophical nominalismPredicate nominalismResemblance nominalism

Translations

Nominalisme (ca)Nominalisme (fr)Nominalisme (in)Nominalisme (nl)Nominalismo (eo)Nominalismo (es)Nominalismo (eu)Nominalismo (it)Nominalismo (pt)Nominalizm (pl)Νομιναλισμός (el)Номинализм (ru)Номіналізм (uk)المذھب الأسمي (ar)유명론 (ko)唯名論 (ja)唯名論 (zh)

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