V2 Word Order

(Linguistic Typology)


Linguistic Typology
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What is V2 word order?

In syntax, verb-second (V2) word order places the finite verb of a clause or sentence in second position with a single constituent preceding it, which functions as the clause topic. V2 word order is common in the Germanic languages and is also found in Northeast Caucasian Ingush, Uto-Aztecan O'odham, and fragmentarily in Rhaeto-Romansh Sursilvan and Finno-Ugric Estonian. Of the Germanic family, English is exceptional in having predominantly SVO order instead of V2, although there are vestiges of the V2 phenomenon. Most Germanic languages do not normally use V2 order in embedded clauses, with a few exceptions. In particular, German, Dutch, and Afrikaans revert to VF (verb final) word order after a complementizer; Yiddish and Icelandic do, however, allow V2 in all declarative clauses: main, embedded, and subordinate. Kashmiri has V2 in 'declarative content clauses' but VF order in relative clauses.

Technology Types

linguistic typologyword order


Verb-SecondVerb-second word order


Langue V2 (fr)Lengua V2 (es)Szyk V2 (pl)V2 (taalkunde) (nl)V2 어순 (ko)V2-ordföljd (sv)V2-Stellung (de)V2語順 (ja)Vortordo V2 (eo)الفعل الثاني (ترتيب الجملة) (ar)動詞第二順位 (zh)

Tech Info

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 — Date merged: 11/6/2021, 1:32:45 PM
 — Date scraped: 5/20/2021, 5:40:07 PM